A Massive Open Online Course simply known as MOOC is an online course that is aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. This course provides interactive user forums that help build a community for professors, students and teaching assistants in addition to such traditional course materials as readings, problem sets and videos. The courses are a recent development in distance education which began to emerge in 2012. Some of the notable newer courses use closed  licenses to their course materials while maintaining free access for students, although early Massive Open Online Courses often emphasized open access features, They include connectivism and open licensing of content, structure and learning goals to promote the reuse and remixing of resources. Distance learning appeared in the form of correspondence courses, broadcast courses and early forms of eLearning before the Digital Age. In the 1920s broadcast radio was new and with programs that were free to audiences of any size. New York University operated its own radio station in 1922, with plans to broadcast practically all its courses. Today enrolling in a Massive Open Online course is something typical for many students. The courses are available in a big number of colleges and universities.

Massive Open Online Course

Many of the Massive Open Online Courses use video lectures employing the old form of teaching using a new technology. Thrun testified before the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology and that these courses are designed to be challengers, not lectures, and the amount of data generated from these assessments can be evaluated massively using machine learning at work behind the scenes. According to his words, this approach dispels the medieval set of myths guiding teacher efficacy and student outcomes, and replaces it with evidence based, modern, data driven educational methodologies that may be the instruments responsible for a fundamental transformation of education itself. The course requires instructional design facilitating large-scale feedback and interaction because of the massive enrollments. Peer-review and group collaboration and automated feedback through objective, online assessments, exams and quizzes are the two basic approaches. Some of the instructional design approaches attempt to connect learners to each other to answer questions and collaborate on joint projects. This may include things such as emphasizing collaborative development of the Massive Open Online Course. An emerging trend in MOOCs is the use of nontraditional textbooks such as graphic novels to improve knowledge retention. Other view the video and different materials produced by the courses as the next form of the textbook. There appeared to be two distinct types as the courses have evolved. The first courses are those that emphasize the connectivist philosophy. The second are those that resemble more traditional courses. In our days enrolling in Massive Open Online Course is something that a lot of students make. As distance learning has a long story and evaluates over the years, it is now very popular and gives a wide range of opportunities to all those who want to become professionals in their field.